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How to plant and maintain hyacinths?

How to plant and maintain hyacinths?

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The characteristics of hyacinth

  • Type: flower and flowering plant
  • Height: up to 60cm
  • Flower color: red, white, pink, blue, mauve, orange and yellow
  • Desired exposure: sunny, semi-shaded
  • Type of soil: normal, well drained, humus-rich, sandy
  • Indoor location: entrance, living room
  • Sanitizing: no

Origins and characteristics of hyacinth

Hyacinth designates a bulb flower that can belong to several families such as hyacinthaceae, pontederiaceae or liliaceae. There are indeed wood hyacinths, water hyacinths, the hyacinths of the Pyrenees or the hairy hyacinths. While some species are edible, others are toxic, such as the oriental hyacinth (hyacinthus orientalis).

Native to the Mediterranean basin, these plants are characterized by a pleasant odor, foliage in shiny strips, and flowers in the shape of bells with six petals. Flowering takes place in March or April.

Despite its delicate appearance, the hyacinth is a robust and rustic plant, able to withstand temperatures below -15 ° C. So you can choose a outdoor hyacinth that will integrate your interior in winter. Its culture is very easy. The plant generally reaches a size varying from 20 to 30 cm.

Hyacinth flowers can also be used in cooking or confectionery. They can thus decorate a salad or else be macerated to obtain a sugar which goes into the making of pastries. If the flowers are edible, this is not the case of the bulbs which are very toxic. They can indeed create gastrointestinal disturbances or even itching stinging. So be sure to handle them with gloves.

Hyacinth plantation

Fall is the perfect time to plant your hyacinths. Planted in a planter or in a bed, it prefers a sunny or semi-shaded exposure, even if it is advisable to leave the bulbs in the dark for two months after planting. The soil should preferably be rich, sandy or humus-rich, but always well drained, otherwise the plant runs the risk of rotting.

It is possible to plant the bulbs in groups, the effect will be all the more attractive. For this, space groups of 15 cm from each other. Generally, the bulb is planted 10 cm deep.

It also exists hyacinth bulbs ready to flower, in garden centers. It is enough to place them in water, in a special glass vase. These bulbs do not require any soil or soil to perfume your interior.

Care of the hyacinth

The hyacinth culture is particularly easy. Remember to regularly remove the wilted flowers. Also bring some manure in winter and cut the leaves after flowering. Hyacinths in pots only flower indoors. Plant them after flowering to enjoy their flowers every two years.

It is essential to water properly at the time of planting. Afterwards, make sure that the soil remains moist, but without this being in excess, at the risk of causing the plant to rot.

Hyacinth requires no pruning.

You can keep your hyacinths 2 or 3 years, thanks to a few tips:

  • Cut the flower stalk when the flower wilts. Keep the foliage until it is completely dry.
  • When the foliage is dry, cut it flush with the bulb. Then tear off the latter.
  • Then clean the bulbs to remove excess soil. Keep the larger bulbs and keep them cool in a ventilated place.
  • Replant the bulbs the following fall.

Hyacinth diseases

The main disease of hyacinth comes from the rot of the bulbs. To prevent this disease, be careful not to water it too much.
Also beware of slugs, which attack hyacinth plants underground. Between July and December, you can install beer traps to repel them.