How to plant and cultivate rosemary?

How to plant and cultivate rosemary?

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The characteristics of rosemary

  • Type: aromatic and officinal plant
  • Height: from 30 to 60 cm, from 60 to 80 cm, from 80 cm to 1 m, from 1 to 2 m, from 2 to 5 m
  • Flower colors: blue, white, pink
  • Desired exposure: sunny
  • Vegetation: perennial
  • Foliage: persistent
  • Type of soil: dry, poor
  • sanitizer: no
  • variety: Capri, Pointe du Raz, Corsican blue…

Origins and peculiarities of rosemary

Condiment grass, the rosemary is a aromatic plant edible from the lamiaceae family. Native to the Mediterranean, it grows wild in this region. This honey plant has very long and thin evergreen leaves, a very dark green above, and a pale white below, reputed to be very aromatic.

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) produces pretty little blue flowers, sometimes passing through white or pink. Rosemary is a medicinal herb, and is mainly cultivated for its use in cooking, to season meats or season sauces. There are almost forty species.

Rosemary is an aromatic plant that it is just as possible to plant in the ground (in a vegetable patch, a rock garden, a garden, a bedding, a border or in ground cover) as in a pot (on a terrace or a balcony for example).

Culinary Uses of Rosemary

The rosemary sprigs should preferably be eaten fresh but can also be kept dried. Rosemary is the star of the barbecue, often used to flavor grills, be it meat or fish. It also adds flavor (be careful not to abuse it) to vegetables when immersed in the cooking water. Its incomparable flavor does not go very well with meats and fish, since rosemary can even be used in certain desserts…

Very rosy, rosemary is used in the composition of a well-scented honey.

Rosemary properties

The so-called "crown herb", "navy rose", "virgin bouquet" or "rosemary of troubadours" is very rich in essential oil, rosmarinic acid and flavonoids. The virtues of rosemary have been known since Antiquity, twigs have indeed been found in Egyptian tombs. Tonic and stimulating, it was given in the past as going back to convalescents. The leaves and flowers are used as an infusion against coughs, digestive disorders and rheumatism.

Rosemary also has antiseptic and disinfectant properties, and it helps fight gout.

Rosemary cultivation

Rosemary is usually planted in spring or fall, depending on the form chosen. The shrub can measure from sixty centimeters to two meters in the hottest regions. In corners of the world where the winter is harsh, rosemary is cultivated in a pot, so that it can be brought indoors as soon as the cold weather arrives.

Flowering begins in January or February, and usually ends in April-May. It is possible to harvest rosemary from the second year of growth and throughout the year, in order to consume it fresh or even dried.

Rosemary plantation

In terms of location, in order to flourish, rosemary is not very demanding: poor soil, acid or limestone can suit it, as long as it is sufficiently drained (humidity is one of the worst enemies of rosemary) and sunny (a southern exposure will be perfect).

To note : for the aroma of rosemary to be as strong as possible, do not put fertilizer in the soil which receives your plant.

Diseases and parasites of rosemary

Rosemary is a fairly robust and disease-resistant plant, but it can be prone to attack by beetles, a parasite that can be eradicated with horsetail decoctions.