Native to South Africa, bacopa is a hardy and cold hardy perennial. It takes its name from the Latin word "Bacopa cordata" and belongs to the scrofulariaceae family. The color of the flowers depends on the species. Sometimes they are white, sometimes they take on a rosy color. Bacopa is a perennial plant known as drooping which lives in pot and which decorates balconies.
When and where to plant a bacopa?
This plant does not like the sun or the wind. For good growing conditions, choose a semi-shaded environment sheltered from drafts. The best time to plant a bacopa in cool, draining soil is the frost after-season around April. This non-rustic decorative plant finds its place on terraces and in verandas. However, it can also be used as a ground cover. Gardeners recommend associating it with plants that have such a high need for water. In a greenhouse or veranda, it is possible to keep your decorative plant throughout the year.
Maintain a bacopa
Flowering is fast and there is no need to prune it. Remove damaged flowers if necessary. Its greatest enemy is undoubtedly the lack of water caused by the high temperatures. This drought can cause the plant to die. To limit the damage, be sure to follow the maintenance and cultivation conditions with daily watering during the summer and spring period. As a precaution, it is desirable to feed it with a liquid fertilizer every three weeks during the summer period. If it is planted in the ground, maintenance will be less. It will simply be necessary to water it regularly and provide it with a nutritional supplement such as granular fertilizer.
Reproduce a bacopa
The best and simplest breeding technique is cuttings, which are carried out in early April. To do this: - Choose beautiful stems between 10 and 15 cm in size. - Clean the stems delicately removed and strip the bottom of the stem. - Fill cups with potting soil (preferably a specific potting soil for sowing). - Gently push the stem into the soil. For them to take root, you need to moisten the soil regularly and place the cup in a warm, lighted place. We know that the cutting succeeded when the leaves appeared.
Enemies of bacopa
Like all perennials, it is prey to aphids, but also whiteflies. Aphids are very well known in the gardening world and can be expelled without pesticides with a simple emulsion based on black soap. White flies (whiteflies) suck the sap from the leaves. To dislodge them, opt for an infusion of absinthe or tansy. To kill the larvae, use a pyrethrum product. You will also need to monitor your plants, especially if they are planted close to begonias. Begonias are often victims of a fungus called "botrytis" which quickly covers the plant with gray felting. When a plant is affected by gray mold (the second name given to this disease), it is difficult to dislodge it. Stay alert while fortifying your plants with nettle liquid.